Alcohol outlet density in Newark, N.J. was the single most important environmental factor explaining why violent crime rates are higher in certain areas of the city than in others. Alcohol outlet density was much more important in determining crime rates than other factors, including employment rate and median household income. LaBouvie, E. & Ontkush, M.:"Violent crime and alcohol availability: relationships in an urban community." Journal of Public Health Policy 19(3):303-318. 1998. A study done in Cleveland showed that blocks that have more bars have higher crime rates for murder, rape, assault, robbery, burglary, grand theft and auto theft. Adding one bar to a block would result in 3.38 crimes committed on that block in a year. It would increase the risk of murder taking place on that block by 5%, and increase the risk of having a violent crime of any type by 17.6%. Authors postulate that increased bar density changes the character and environment of the neighborhood and the routine activities of those living or visiting that block. Runcek, D. & Maier, P. "Bars, blocks and crimes revisited: linking the theory of routine activities to the empiricism of 'hot spots.' Criminology (29) 4: 725-753. 1991.
ALCOHOL USE AND ABUSE HEALTH AND PRODUCTIVITY COSTS
Annual costs to United States are over 200 billion dollars
Annual costs to North Carolina are over 1.5 billion dollars
Annual costs to Durham County are over a quarter billion dollars
Over 20,000 people in Durham, NC are addicted to alcohol or other drugs.
Ã??Ã?Â· Twenty-five to forty percent (20% - 40%) of all patients in U.S. general hospital beds (not in maternity or intensive care) are being treated for complications of alcohol-related problems.
Ã??Ã?Â· In comparison to moderate and non-drinkers, individuals with a history of heavy drinking have higher health care costs.
Ã??Ã?Â· Untreated alcohol problems waste an estimated $184.6 billion dollars per year in health care, business and criminal justice costs, and cause more than 100,000 deaths.
Ã??Ã?Â· Health care costs related to alcohol abuse are not limited to the user. Children of alcoholics who are admitted to the hospital average 62 percent more hospital days and 29 percent longer stays.
Ã??Ã?Â· Alcohol use by underage drinkers results in $3.7 billion a year in medical care costs due to traffic crashes, violent crime, suicide attempts and other related consequences. The total annual cost of alcohol use by underage youth is $52.8 billion.
Ã??Ã?Â· Alcohol-related car crashes are the number one killer of teens. Alcohol use is also associated with homicides, suicides, and drownings-the next three leading causes of death among youth.
Ã??Ã?Â· Alcohol is the drug most frequently used by 12 to 17 year-olds-and the one that causes the most negative health consequences. More than 4 million adolescents under the legal drinking age consume alcohol in any given month.
Ã??Ã?Â· 60% of youth surveyed say that they obtained the alcohol that they consumed from their home or the home of a friend with or without the parent's knowledge.
Lost productivity, increased crime, court and prison costs, increased strain on healthcare facilities not to mention ruined lives and broken families - The Durham Center 2009